Welcome to the Official website for the Cleveland Bay Horse Society of North America (CBHSNA). The members of the CBHSNA hope that you enjoy exploring this site and discovering just how well suited this ancient and versatile breed is to your favorite horse discipline. We invite you to contact the society or any of the members listed in these pages if you have any questions regarding this rare and unique breed of horse.
A Horse with a History
As its name suggests, the Cleveland Bay emanates from the Cleveland area of northeast England. Without doubt it is Britain's oldest breed of horse and has been fixed in type much longer than the official UK's breed registry foundation date suggests.
The church played a very large role in their breeding. Throughout the middle ages the Monastic houses in England's northeast were the principal breeders of horses. Pack horses were needed for the trading of goods between the various Abbeys and Monasteries.
Most certainly the ancestors of today's Cleveland Bays, particularly on the female side, were such pack horses bred in the Yorkshire Dales. Locally they were known as Chapman horses, the name being derived from the name given to packmen and itinerant peddlers of those days i.e. "Chapmen".
There was an influx of barb horses into the port of Whitby. These refined stallions were used on Chapman mares. Before the end of the 17th Century the main ingredient of the Cleveland Bay, the Chapman, and the Barb had come together to form the type of powerful horse whose popularity as a pack/harness horse was beginning to spread beyond the northeast English countryside.
The next century saw an increase in weight and size of these horses - better feeding being one of the reasons. The result was a quality versatile horse which found many uses away from the Monasteries as agricultural horses drawing carts and wagons of various types. A demand for faster carriage horses resulted in some breeders crossing their Clevelands with strong Thoroughbreds. This off-spring became known as the Yorkshire Coach Horse, a tall elegant carriage horse, much in demand by the rich and royal.
Thelate 18th Century was the golden age of carriage driving. Yorkshire Coach Horses were exported all over the world to provide matched pairs and teams. During the height of the London season, hundreds of pairs of Yorkshire Coach Horses could be seen in Hyde Park every afternoon. To this day one may still detect the two types of Cleveland - the smaller, resembling the Chapman, and the taller resembling the Yorkshire Coach Horses. Both nevertheless retain the bone and substance of their ancestors. The coming of the automobile and tractor put an end to the need for Cleveland Bays. Their breeding went into decline. Many were sold abroad, but a few dedicated breeders in the northeast of England kept the breed alive.
Currently the breed is still critically rare, with only about 500 purebreds in the world and less than 200 in North America. The dedicated breeders and members belonging to the Cleveland Bay Horse Association of North America endeavor to increase the number of these unique horses and promote the breed in many disciplines.
A Quality Breed
The Pure-Bred Cleveland Bay is a very intelligent horse with a sensible temperament. They possess a strong character which, if mishandled can be ruined.They have plenty of bone and substance, are hardy, long lived and have tremendous stamina.
Characteristically the breed is very bold and honest. They are always bay in color, their action is level, free and long striding. They are an established breed and so breed true to type. They are extremely prepotent, meaning their quality and traits are passed on to their progeny. This makes them an ideal out-cross, especially with Thoroughbreds.
An unusually high percentage of these partbred sporthorses excel in many disciplines, including driving, hunting & jumping, dressage, and trail riding. America, Japan, India, Australia and New Zealand and many other countries have imported Cleveland Bays to improve their native stock and to help preserve the breed. Many European Warmbloods, particularly the Gelderlander, Oldenburg, Holstein, and Hanoverian owe much to the Cleveland Bay influence. Some European and Baltic draught horses such as the Irish Draught, Russian Vladimir and Danish Schienswig have the benefit of Cleveland blood.
Known for its Versatility
Perhaps the Cleveland's greatest advantage is its versatility. Early Clevelands were versatile packand harness horses. The present day Cleveland is equally versatile in relation to the modern equine disciplines. As carriage and driving horses they remain unsurpassed. For this purpose a good number are kept at the Royal Mews in the U.K.. Teams of Clevelands have competed in FEI driving trials. Many are driven as singles and in pairs purely for pleasure.
They make ideal heavy weight hunters, but also possess the necessary quickness for eventing, and can be exhibited in the show ring either as in-hand, ridden or working hunters. As sound active horses with substance, stamina and a good, sane temperament they make excellent police horses. The ability to break a Cleveland Bay to saddle and harness makes this breed invaluable to all round enthusiast to whom quality and versatility are important!
Interested in A CLEVELAND BAY?
Occasionally, Cleveland Bays can be found through ads placed in equine publications such as "The Equine Journal". Some breeders prefer to sell their stock privately. However, the CBHSNA will be pleased to supply you with the names, addresses, telephone numbers and email addresses of members who breed Pure Bred Cleveland Bays and Cleveland Bay Sporthorses, and please take note the horses for sale, breeders and stallions listed on this site. Breeding your mare to a Cleveland Bay stallion will most likely improve the quality of her offspring. Never seen a pure or partbred Cleveland Bay? Farms listed on this site are available for visits with prior arrangements.
Even if you do not own a Cleveland Bay you can support this wonderful breed by becoming a member of the Cleveland Bay Horse Society of North America. Further information about this remarkable breed and resources are available on this site.
1 Information adapted from the Cleveland Bay Horse Society - UK